(1724) These laws were among the earliest and most detailed regulations on the North American continent designed to govern both slaves and free blacks. Supreme Court rules that enslaved people are property protected by law in every state, that the enslaved are not entitled to use the courts, and that enslaved people and their descendants can never be citizens. This Congresstional measure freed all enslaved people in the District of Columbia. This proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freed all enslaved people in the Confederate States or portions of those states that were not then controlled by Union forces. The Deleted Passage of the Declaration of Independence (1776) This controversial passage of the Declaration authored by Thomas Jefferson condemning slavery was removed by the Continental Congress delegates gathered at Philadelphia. The Massachusetts State Judicial Supreme Court dismisses the suit filed by Boston parent Benjamin Roberts challenging his daughter's assignment to a racially segregated school. This measure, part of the Compromise of 1850, gave far more power to slave catchers and Northern law enforcement officials in capturing fugitive slaves. From that point forward the Union Army would free slaves. Constitution of the African Civilization Society (1796) The African Civilization Society was one of the earliest organizations created by African Americans. Congress ends the legal importation of enslaved persons of African ancestry into the United States. Supreme Court rules that Africans on board the ship The Amistad are free individuals; kidnapped and transported illegally; they had never been slaves. As its constitution shows, the Society was dedicated to the spread of Christianity across Africa and among people of African descent, and the abolition of the slave trade. Constitution of the Afric-American Female Intelligence Society of Boston (1832). Former President John Quincy Adams argued successfully to the court the Africans’ right to fight to regain their freedom when they rebelled against their captors. Benjamin Banneker's Letter to Thomas Jefferson (1791) Banneker responds to Thomas Jefferson’s recently articulated views about the inferiority of the black race. Supreme Court rules that state officials are not required to capture fugitive slaves. The Utah Slave Code: An Act in Relation to Service (1852). The Fugitive Slave Act (1793) This measure passed by Congress was one of the first examples of federal legislation regarding the institution of slavery. Utah’s Slave Code governing the relations between the enslaved in the territory and their owners, was enacted in February 1862. On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. It was during this time he chose to be called Martin Luther King in honor of the German reformer Martin Luther. His mother was an accomplished organist and choir leader, and she took him to various churches to sing.In 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches, and the following year he and SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing. have been renamed in his honor, and a county in Washington State was also renamed for him. He received attention for singing "I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus." King later became a member of the junior choir in his church.
He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi."Martin Luther King", "MLK", "Reverend King", and "Luther King" redirect here.For the Nigerian preacher, see Reverend King (Nigerian pastor).Learn more about our amenities and ideal location at Don’t get sucked into browsing profiles on other sites for “free” and then paying a monthly fee.